1. Easier to Digest
While the fat content of goat and cow milk is similar, the fat globules in goat milk are smaller. That makes it easier for your body to digest. Once it reaches your stomach, the protein in goat’s milk forms a softer curd than cow milk . Only about 2 percent of goat’s milk is curd compared to about 10 percent in cow milk. This helps your body digest it with less irritation than cow’s milk.
Goat milk is also lower in lactose, or milk sugars, than cow milk. Because many people are lactose intolerant or have difficulty digesting the lactose in cow’s milk, goat’s milk can be a viable option.
2. Fewer Allergens and Less Inflammatory
Most people who are intolerant of cow milk are actually sensitive to one of the proteins found in it, A1 casein, and lack the ability to digest it. Additionally, cow milk is the No. 1 allergy among children and can persist throughout adulthood. That’s because it contains more than 20 different allergens (including A1 casein) that can cause allergic reactions. Cow milk allergy symptoms are often confused for seasonal allergy symptoms. It’s easy to see why. Cow’s milk allergy symptoms can range from hives and runny noses to abdominal cramping and colic in babies.
What’s the big deal with A1 casein? This protein is highly inflammatory for some people, and inflammation is at the root of most diseases. A1 casein can contribute to gastrointestinal issues like irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s, leaky gut and colitis. It also may play a role in several less obvious problems, such as acne, autoimmune diseases and skin issues like eczema.
While there are some cows who don’t produce A1 casein protein, namely Jersey and Guernsey cows, the majority of bovines in the U.S., Western Europe and Australia are Holstein and Fresian, both of which are A1 casein producers.
On the contrary, milk that contains mostly or exclusively A2 casein produces none of these inflammatory effects. Goat milk contains only A2 casein. That makes it, protein-wise, the closest milk to human breast milk. In fact, one study suggests that goat’s milk, when used as the first protein after breastfeeding, is less allergenic for babies than cow milk.
3. High in Calcium
While cow milk is often touted as one of the main foods high in calcium, there’s no need to worry about not getting enough of calcium when switching to goat milk. It’s actually even richer in the mineral. Goat’s milk contains about 33 percent of the daily recommended value in one cup versus 28 percent in cow milk.
Calcium is essential for many aspects of health. It’s especially important when it comes to bone health. In fact, over 99 percent of the calcium in your body is found in the bones and teeth. It helps boost bone mass and provides the tissue with its strength to maximize bone strength.
4. Helps Reduce Cholesterol Levels
One of the top goat milk benefits for men and women alike is its therapeutic effects on heart health. This is because goat’s milk has high levels of medium-chain fatty acids. In fact, there is about 30 percent to 35 percent as opposed to 15 percent to 20 percent of medium-chain fatty acids in cow milk. Instead of being stored as body fat, these fatty acids provide an energy boost help lower cholesterol. They can even help treat conditions like coronary heart disease and intestinal disorders.
But wait, there’s more! Goat milk also helps increase “good” cholesterol levels while reducing the bad ones. In fact, it’s got healing properties similar to olive oil and is recommended for keeping high cholesterol in check.
5. Promotes Glowing Skin
The fatty acids and triglycerides found in goat’s milk not only keep your insides running smoothly, but they help you look great on the outside, too. Their moisturizing qualities help keep skin baby soft. Goat’s milk also has high levels of vitamin A. Vitamin A can improve your complexion, fight acne and improve overall skin health. Meanwhile, the lactic acid found in goat milk helps rid your body of dead skin cells and promotes skin smoothness and thickness.
Because goat’s milk has a pH level similar to humans, it’s absorbed by the skin with less irritation and helps keep bacteria at bay (goodbye, pimples!). For this reason, many people often add goat milk lotion and goat milk soap into their natural skin care routines.
6. Enhances Nutrient Absorption
“Moo-ve” over, cows. While goat and cow milk might rank similarly for mineral content, goat’s milk might still be the winner.
That’s because early studies found that nutrients like iron, calcium, magnesium and phosphorous were more easily digested and used by the body in goat’s milk than cow’s milk. Because of the bioavailability of these minerals, goat milk also looks promising for treatment of nutritional deficiencies like anemia and bone demineralization. In addition, it can help address all-too-common iron deficiency and magnesium deficiency as well.
In fact, some researchers suggest that goat milk should be consumed regularly by individuals with malabsorption issues, anemia, osteoporosis or prolonged treatments with iron supplements.
Regularly consuming goat’s milk enhances the body’s ability to use iron. It also boosts regeneration of hemoglobin. Combined, this makes goat’s milk a safe and natural way to treat osteoporosis and combat anemia.